Corteva Agriscience, which is present in 18 index countries, and Seed Co, present in 17, have the broadest presence in Eastern and Southern Africa. Among the regional players, Darusalam Seed Company (in Somalia) and Ethiopian Agricultural Business Corporation are the only companies present solely in their home markets. All index countries have company representation, varying from 12 to 13 companies in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, to five and three in Lesotho and Somalia respectively. South Africa leads in breeding, Kenya and Tanzania lead in seed production, while Ethiopia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe also have significant company operations. None or limited investments were found in Botswana, Burundi, Eswatini, Lesotho and Namibia. However, despite significant investments and the broad presence of seed companies across the region, smallholder farmers continue, to a very large extent, to get their seeds from the informal sector.