Bangladesh

Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status No
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation Eggplant
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Plant Varieties Act of Bangladesh (draft from 1998); references to a new draft Plant Variety and Farmers’ Right Protection Act have been found but not confirmed
The seed sector in Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC) is the largest seed producer and supplier in the country, mandated to produce large quantities of seed. Agricultural research institutes (ARIs) are responsible for developing improved varieties of crops. Most of the plant breeding and seed production activities take place in the public domain.

The National Seed Policy (NSP), passed in 1993, played an imported role in involving private companies in the rice and maize seed business. However, there is an increasing need to create a favorable enabling environment in order to encourage seed companies to invest in R&D.

In terms of GM crop cultivation, Bt eggplant is cultivated in Bangladesh. Nearly 27,000 smallholder farmers planted insect-resistant (Bt) eggplant in 2017, 4% of the country’s eggplant area. The number of smallholder farmers adopting Bt eggplant is rising significantly.

Observations

Twenty-three  index companies are present in Bangladesh, with many of the companies having testing locations. The Bangladeshi companies BRAC Seed and Agro Enterprise and Lal Teer Seed have complete seed value chains in the country, from breeding to extension. The former’s extension services are carried out by the company’s other business unit, Agriculture and Food Security Program.

Advanta has breeding, seed production and extension activities; Bayer has seed production and extension activities. Eight companies test varieties in the country.

Smallholder farmers are involved in more than 90% of seed production activities by Advanta and Bayer, whereas only 40% of smallholder farmers are involved in seed production activities for Lal Teer Seed.

The development of more breeding stations, processing centers to ensure quality seed and the provision of extension services are all areas of improvement.

Index company activities identified in Bangladesh
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Acsen HyVeg
Advanta  *
Bayer  *
Bejo
Bioseed
BRAC Seed and Agro Enterprise **
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Kalash Seeds
Known-You Seed
KWS
Lal Teer Seed **  *
Limagrain
Mahyco
Monsanto
Namdhari Seeds
Nongwoo Bio
Nuziveedu Seeds
Syngenta
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities
  • ** Company headquarters in Bangladesh

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, countryspecific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional
landscaping study and their activities
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI)
Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC)
Supreme Seed