Cambodia

Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status In contact with the UPOV office for assistance in developing laws based on the UPOV Convention
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation None
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Law on Breeders’ Rights and Plant Variety Protection 2008
The seed sector in Cambodia

The seed industry is not well developed in Cambodia and faces challenges presented by a hot and humid climate. These include heavy rains and extreme weather conditions, resulting in high biotic pressure on crops. Further, farmers lack access to technology, post-harvest facilities and basic infrastructure, among other constraints.

Registered seed companies in the country supply seeds throughout the region. However, there is a growing need to increase farmers’ productivity by training them on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and other extension services.

The state-owned Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) develops new rice varieties and produces foundation seed for rice, while the Agricultural Quality Improvement Project (AQIP) carries out seed production through contract farmers and sells seed on credit, among other extension services.

Strengthening public-private partnerships and further working towards becoming a member of UPOV will support the country’s plant breeding activities.

Observations

Twelve  index companies report having a presence in the country, with four having testing locations. Of these, only East-West Seed, Limagrain and Known-You Seed carry our extension services.

Seed companies are encouraged to expand their business activities in Cambodia, thereby contributing to smallholder farmer development.

Index company activities identified in Cambodia
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Advanta
Bejo
Bioseed
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Known-You Seed
Limagrain
Syngenta
Vinaseed

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional
landscaping study and their activities
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
AQIP Seed Company
Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI)