Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status In contact with the UPOV office for assistance in developing laws based on the UPOV Convention
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories Yes
  • GM crop approval for cultivation Sugarcane
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Laws of Republic of Indonesia No. 29/2000 on Plant Variety Protection; Government Regulation No. 14/2004 concerning Requirements and Procedure of Transfer of PVP Right and Use of the Protected Varieties; Agriculture Minister Regulation No. 121/2013 concerning Requirements and Procedure of the PVP Right Granting
The seed sector in Indonesia

Indonesia is considered a competitive seed production hub. The Government of Indonesia is committed to developing the agriculture sector, as evidenced by the Grand Strategy of Agricultural Development 2013-2045, the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Agriculture 2015-2019 and the Law on Farmers’ Protection and Empowerment (2013), among others.

Maize is the second most important cereal crop in the country after rice. The Indonesian Agency of Agricultural Research and Development develops improved varieties of various crops.

Companies such as East-West Seed, Charoen Pokphand and Syngenta dominate seed sales in the vegetable seed sector.

A large portion of vegetable seed is also imported. Indonesia passed the Agriculture Policy Act 2017 No. 15 (revised in May 2018), which details the import and export regulations for seed. The law was passed with the objective of lowering the dependency on imports, ensuring the availability of quality seed, increasing genetic diversity and developing the domestic seed industry.


Twenty-one index companies report having a presence in Indonesia. Corteva Agriscience and East-West Seed have breeding, testing, seed production, processing, sales and extension services.

Smallholder farmers carry out 100% of seed production for East-West Seed and Corteva Agriscience.

Corteva Agriscience alone reported employing 607 technical staff in 2015-2017 to carry out extension activities, while other companies together reported employing nearly 116 extension staff.

Index company activities identified in Indonesia
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Vegetables Breeding
Sales Extension
Acsen HyVeg
Advanta  *
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience  *
East-West Seed  *
Enza Zaden
Known-You Seed
Limagrain  *
Namdhari Seeds
Nongwoo Bio
Nuziveedu Seeds
Rijk Zwaan
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.