Nepal

Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status No
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories Yes
  • GM crop approval for cultivation None
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection No
The seed sector in Nepal

Nepal’s formal seed system consists of public organizations such as the Nepal Agricultural Research Council and the National Seed Company Limited (NSCL), non-governmental organizations such as Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, seed companies, seed retailers and cooperatives.

The public sector dominates in seed multiplication of cereal crops, whereas private seed companies play an important role in vegetable seed multiplication. The NSCL is the main public organization involved in seed multiplication of cereal crops.

Major issues identified in the seed sector include low investment in plant breeding, poor seed processing and quality management procedures, lack of promotion and advertising campaigns and weak extension programs.

To fill the gaps in the seed sector, the Ministry of Agricultural Development has developed a National Seed Vision (2013-2025).

Observations

Eighteen index companies report having a presence in Nepal. While six companies indicate having testing locations in the country, Advanta and Lal Teer Seed are the only two producing seed.

Lal Teer Seed is the only company that has a full seed value chain in Nepal, from breeding to extension services, for which it employs 40 technical staff.

Processing plants and dedicated extension services are the major areas of improvement for companies.

Index company activities identified in Nepal
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Advanta  *
Bayer
Bejo
Bioseed
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Enza Zaden
Kalash Seeds
Known-You Seed
Lal Teer Seed  *
Limagrain
Namdhari Seeds
Nongwoo Bio
Rijk Zwaan
Syngenta
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional
landscaping study and their activities
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Annapurna Seeds
Lumbini Seed
National Seed Company
National Seed Company Private Limited
Unique Seed