Pakistan

Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status In contact with the UPOV office for assistance in developing laws based on the UPOV Convention
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation Cotton
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Plant Breeders’ Rights Act 2016
The seed sector in Pakistan

The seed sector in Pakistan is growing rapidly, with private seed businesses playing a leading role in providing certified seed.

The public sector, which includes organizations such as the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council and Pakistan Central Cotton Committee, and agricultural research institutes of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission play an important role in seed activities.

Pakistan enacted a sui generis system for the protection of rights on plant varieties, the Plant Breeders’ Rights Act 2016, which came into force on December 8, 2016.

GM Bt Cotton is increasingly being adopted, with nearly 725,000 smallholder cotton farmers in Pakistan planting Bt cotton in 2017.

Observations

Twenty-two index companies report having a presence in Pakistan. Pakistan also has a significant local seed industry.

Seed production is carried out by four companies. Advanta is the only company with seed production activities involving smallholder farmers, who produce 95% of its seed.

The enactment of the Plant Breeders’ Rights Act 2016 is seen as encouragement for seed companies to invest in R&D.

Ten companies indicate having testing locations in Pakistan, while other elements of the seed value chain, from breeding programs and seed production to seed processing and extension services, remain areas of improvement.

Index company activities identified in Pakistan
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Acsen Hyveg
Advanta  *
Bayer
Bejo
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Enza Zaden
Kalash Seeds
Known-You Seed
KWS
Lal Teer Seed
Limagrain
Monsanto
Nongwoo Bio
Nuziveedu Seeds
Punjab Seed Corporation **
Rijk Zwaan
Seed Co
Syngenta
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities
  • ** Company headquartered in Pakistan

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional
landscaping study and their activities
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Ali Akbar Group
Auriga Seeds
Four Brothers Group
ICI Pakistan
Jullundur Seed