Sri Lanka

Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status No
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation None
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection No
The seed sector in Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, a biodiversity hotspot, seed production activities are dominated by the public sector, notably the Department of Agriculture’s Seed and Planting Material Development Centre.

The country has opted for a sui generis system for the protection of plant varieties. However, no progress has been made in passing suitable legislation for plant variety protection after a draft bill on Plant Variety Protection (Breeder’s Rights) was passed in 2001.

Most of the quality seed in the country is imported and distributed to farmers by the private sector. Important vegetable seed distributors include Troseed and Best Seeds, while maize seed and paddy seed are distributed by companies such as CIC Agri Businesses and Hayleys Agriculture.

As Sri Lanka is dependent to a large extent on imported seed, in 2017 the Department of Agriculture and Lal Teer Seed of Bangladesh implemented a project to increase vegetable seed production in the country. The project is planned to be implemented on the premises of Field Crops Research and Development Institute, Mahailluppallama.

There is an increasing need to introduce suitable legislation protecting plant breeders’ rights, which would encourage greater involvement by private sector companies.

Observations

Nineteen index companies report having a presence in Sri Lanka, with eight companies having testing locations.

Advanta is the only company producing seed, and 95% of the seed is produced by smallholder farmers.

Only Advanta and Known-You Seed report providing extension services.

Index company activities identified in Sri Lanka
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Acsen Hyveg
Advanta  *
Bayer
Bejo
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Enza Zaden
Kalash Seeds
Known-You Seed
Lal Teer Seed
Limagrain
Monsanto
Nongwoo Bio
Nuziveedu Seeds
Rijk Zwaan
Syngenta
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional
landscaping study and their activities
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Best Seeds
CIC Agri Businesses
Hayleys Agriculture
Lankem Ceylon Plc - Agro
Troseed