Vietnam

Last updated: November 2018
  • Region South and Southeast Asia
  • UPOV membership status UPOV member
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation Maize
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Yes
The seed sector in Vietnam

Government agencies and universities carry out seed research activities in Vietnam. Most of the research institutes fall under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Around 70-80% of the formal seed used, which includes hybrid rice seed, vegetable seed and maize seed, is imported. Hybrid rice seed is imported mostly from China, while hybrid maize is imported mainly from Thailand and India. Vegetable seed is imported from Thailand, China, Japan, South Korea and France.

Of the 13 index countries, Vietnam is the only UPOV member. After joining UPOV, Vietnam experienced a number of benefits, including an increase in breeding activities, increased availability of improved varieties and the introduction of new foreign varieties, all of which have contributed to greater agricultural productivity.

GM maize was commercialized in Vietnam in 2015, and the area under cultivation rose from 35,000 hectares in 2016 to 45,000 hectares in 2017.

Observations

Twenty-one index companies report having a presence in Vietnam. Thirteen companies have testing locations, while seed production and breeding is carried out by nine and six countries respectively.

Smallholder farmers produce 100% of the seed for East-West Seed and Known-You Seed in the country.

Six companies report to provide extension services.

Index company activities identified in Vietnam
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Acsen HyVeg
Advanta
Bayer
Bejo
Bioseed
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed  *
Enza Zaden
Known-You Seed  *
Lal Teer Seed
Limagrain  *
Mahyco
Monsanto
Namdhari Seeds
Nongwoo Bio
Rijk Zwaan
Syngenta
Vinaseed **  *
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities
  • ** Company headquartered in Vietnam

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional
landscaping study and their activities
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
ThaiBinh Seed
Trang Nong Seeds