Cameroon

Last updated: January 2019
  • Region Western and Central Africa
  • UPOV membership status Member of the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI) and UPOV
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA-accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation No
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Annex X of the 1999 agreement revising the Bangui Agreement on the creation of the OAPI
Seed sector in Cameroon

Cameroon established a seed law in 2001 related to seed production and marketing. In 2005, the country established the National Seed Council (NSC) through a decree, which sought to promote, organize and stimulate the development of a dependable seed industry. The NSC was also set up to regulate and control the registration of released varieties, protect farmers from the sale of counterfeit seeds and facilitate the production and marketing of high quality seeds in the country. It also encourages the development and promotion of new plant varieties as part of its national seed policy.

The National Agricultural Investment Plan aims to develop research on improved high yield seeds and increase competitiveness among farms. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development regulates seeds as well as the breeding of various seed varieties.

The formal seed system is composed of government entities, agricultural institutions, non-governmental organizations, small enterprises and private sector companies involved in different seed-related activities. The private seed sector in Cameroon is slowly emerging as it collaborates with local actors.

Three government actors are responsible for seed sector development: the Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Council for Seeds and Breeders’ Rights. The most dynamic cooperatives are located in West Region and Northwest Region. These cooperatives have performed well economically and follow democratic governance structures, though cooperatives generally do not follow a robust business model.

Observations

There are 13 companies in Cameroon, of which one, Semagri, is headquartered in the country. Three companies—Seed Co, Semagri and Technisem—carry out seed production activities, though none involve smallholder farmers in these activities.

Four companies have testing locations, three provide extension services and two have breeding locations. None of the companies active in the country have seed processing locations.

Index company activities identified in Cameroon
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Bayer
Bejo
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Enza Zaden
Limagrain
Nongwoo Bio
Pop Vriend Seeds
Sakata
Seed Co
*Semagri
Technisem
  • * Company headquartered in Cameroon

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional landscaping study and their activities.

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
AgroPlants
Farmer House
JACO
Jardin des Agriculteurs
Phytograines
Rhoticam

Leading seed producing cooperatives highlighted in cooperative study

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Testing
location
Seed
production
Sales
CAPLABAM
GIC Nguegoue
SOCOOPRACE