Côte d’Ivoire

Last updated: January 2019
  • Region Western and Central Africa
  • UPOV membership status No
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation No
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Annex X of the 1999 agreement revising the Bangui Agreement on the creation of the OAPI
Seed sector in Cote d'Ivoire

In 1984, Côte d’Ivoire’s government created the Office of Seeds and Plants within the framework of the National Seed Plan of 1984–1990. Prior to 1984, food crops were not subject to special seed programs, and the state-run Agricultural Projects Technical Bureau managed seed-producing farms. By 2013, a national plant varieties catalog and the Comité National des Semences et Plants 12 were established to promote, guide and monitor agricultural production activities, as well as control and market agricultural plant seed species.

In Côte d’Ivoire, there is limited private sector activity specializing in producing, packaging and marketing certified seeds. In the production and dissemination of basic seeds, the public agency Centre National de Recherches Agronomiques (CNRA) plays an important role, while the Office National de Développement de la Riziculture plays a similar role in the supply of rice seeds.

The legal basis for cooperatives was established in the 1970s, and further formalization came with the 1997 OHADA Act on Cooperatives that introduced governance conditions and an audit system. In 2017, there were 3,867 formally recognized agriculture cooperatives, of which 77% produce coffee and cocoa. Only 6% produce staple crops such as rice, maize and cassava.

Observations

There are 17 index companies in Côte d’Ivoire, but only three accompany their sales activities with extension services. Seed Co and BILOHF are the only two index companies producing seeds in Côte d’Ivoire, but neither involves smallholders in these activities.

BILOHF is the only seed company from Côte d’Ivoire with a regional presence, and it was selected for the index for that reason. As with other national seed companies and seed-producing cooperatives, it does not have its own breeding activities but works with the CNRA to test and select new varieties.

Index company activities identified in Côte d’Ivoire
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Bayer
Bejo
BILOHF  **
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Faso Kaba
Limagrain
Nongwoo Bio
Pop Vriend Seeds
Rijk Zwaan
Sakata
Seed Co
Soprosa
Syngenta  ***
Technisem
  • ** Company headquartered in Côte d’Ivoire
  • *** Based on company data, sales activities include seeds and/or crop protection products.

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under a non-disclosure agreement.

Other companies identified in the regional landscaping study and their activities.

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Centre National de Recherches Agronomiques (CRNA)
Office National de Développement de la Riziculture (ONDR)
Bureau de Formation et de Conseil en Développement (BFCD)
Agro-Services
Société de Productions Végétales (SPV-CI)
Semivoire

Leading seed producing cooperatives highlighted in cooperative study

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Testing
location
Seed
production
Sales
Société Coopérative des Producteurs de Riz de Yamoussoukro (COPRORIZ COOP CA)
Société Coopérative Chongagnigui
Société Coopérative Womiengon de Korhogo