Republic of the Congo

Last updated: January 2019
  • Region Western and Central Africa
  • UPOV membership status UPOV member through the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI)
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation No
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Annex X of the 1999 agreement revising the Bangui Agreement on the creation of the OAPI
Seed sector in the Republic of the Congo

The Republic of the Congo currently does not have a national seed policy. However, a regional project is being established to harmonization seed policy in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community area. Since the agricultural sector is embryonic, there is no national catalog of plant species and varieties. For now, a seed law is being drafted and will be submitted to the national assembly.

The country gets support from the Food and Agriculture Organization through the Project to Support the Development of the National Seed Plan. This project create opportunities for the private seed sector in the Republic of the Congo and for agriculture in the country more generally.

Small-scale producers at the grassroots level carry out almost 95% of crop production.

Since the end of state-owned enterprises with the structural adjustment programs of the 1990s, the agricultural sector has mainly been based on traditional practices. The private sector’s involvement in the rural sector is limited and mainly involves selling vegetable seeds.

Pre-basic seeds for cereals, such as rice and maize, are produced only by the L’Institut National de Recherche Agronomique and further multiplied by the Centre National de Semences Améliorées. Breeding and production as well as seed marketing are also in the early stages of development.

Observations

Seven index companies sell seeds in the Republic of the Congo, but Technisem is the only one that accompanies its sales activities with extension services, and it is also the sole company with a testing location in the country. No index company has a breeding location in the country.

Seed Co is the only index company with seed production activities in the Republic of the Congo, though other national seed companies (not included in the index) do produce seed in the country.

The Republic of the Congo is one of few countries in the region where no seed-producing cooperatives have been identified.

Index company activities identified in Republic of the Congo
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Corteva Agriscience
East-West Seed
Limagrain
Pop Vriend Seeds
Sakata
Seed Co
Technisem

Other companies identified in the regional landscaping study and their activities.

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
CONGOSEM
Institut national de Recherche Agronomique (IRA)
Centre National de Semences Améliorées (CNSA)