Three regional seed companies report that their entire portfolio consists of varieties older than five years. Excluding Novalliance partner companies, for 48% of the crops in company portfolios the youngest variety offered is older than five years. Compared to regional companies in Eastern and Southern Africa, this is relatively high, likely a result of the small number of seed companies with their own breeding program. Meanwhile, global companies – all with active breeding programs – report that for 60% of the crops in their portfolio the youngest variety is less than three years old. Only for a few crops do more companies report selling hybrids than open-pollinated varieties. In field crops, this is only the case for maize.