Company scope

The Access to Seeds Index assesses the efforts of the world’s leading seed companies to improve access to seeds for smallholder farmers. The global index focuses on the activities of global seed companies operating in all four index regions. The regional indexes, meanwhile, assess the role of regional and national seed companies in a specific region.

For the 2019 Index, the geographic scope of the Regional Index for Eastern Africa will be extended to include Southern Africa. New regional indexes for Western and Central Africa and South and Southeast Asia will also be developed.

Global Index

The global index focuses on leading seed companies with an integrated seed business model (breeding, production, distribution) that operate on a global scale. Companies selected for inclusion fall into three categories. The first category is made up of companies with a field crop seed segment in their portfolio and revenues over $1,000 million. Some of these companies are currently involved in mergers or acquisitions, the progress of which will determine whether these companies are assessed separately or as a new, combined entity. The second category is made up of companies with only a vegetable seed segment and revenues over $100 million. In the third category are regional leaders with a global presence and revenues over $100 million.

For more information read our regional landscaping studies, which were used to inform company selection for the 2019 Index.

More details *On September 14, 2016, Bayer and Monsanto announced that they had signed a definitive agreement under which Bayer will acquire Monsanto. The acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of required regulatory approvals. Based on the outcome of this process, the new company might feature as a combined entity in the 2019 Index.
**On September 1, 2017, DowDuPont announced the successful completion of the merger between The Dow Chemical Company (‘Dow’) and E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company (‘DuPont’), effective August 31, 2017. The combined entity now operates as a holding company under the name ‘DowDuPont’ with three divisions: Agriculture, Materials Science and Specialty Products. The company announced its intention to create three independent, publicly traded companies. Seed sales for DowDuPont represent cumulative seed sales for DuPont Pioneer and Dow AgroSciences over 2016.
***On October 26, 2017, the request for delisting of Syngenta shares from SIX Swiss Exchange was approved by SIX Exchange Regulation, following the announcement that ChemChina’s participation in Syngenta has exceeded 98% of Syngenta’s share capital.

Regional Indexes

The regional indexes evaluate the activities of seed companies in specific regions. The company lists are the result of landscaping studies in each region performed by regional consultants and research firms. The selection criteria are (1) an integrated seed business model, (2) regional presence or a dominant position in one country, (3) physical presence and business activities in the region and (4) peer recognition as a leading company.

More details *On September 14, 2016, Bayer and Monsanto announced that they had signed a definitive agreement under which Bayer will acquire Monsanto. The acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of required regulatory approvals. Based on the outcome of this process, the new company might feature as a combined entity in the 2019 Index.
Sources: 2015 or 2016 annual reports, stakeholder and expert consultations, and Phillips McDougall 2015 industry analysis.
More details *On September 14, 2016, Bayer and Monsanto announced that they had signed a definitive agreement under which Bayer will acquire Monsanto. The acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of required regulatory approvals. Based on the outcome of this process, the new company might feature as a combined entity in the 2019 Index.
Sources: 2015 or 2016 annual reports, stakeholder and expert consultations, and Phillips McDougall 2015 industry analysis.
More details *On September 14, 2016, Bayer and Monsanto announced that they had signed a definitive agreement under which Bayer will acquire Monsanto. The acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of required regulatory approvals. Based on the outcome of this process, the new company might feature as a combined entity in the 2019 Index.
Sources: 2015 or 2016 annual reports, stakeholder and expert consultations, and Phillips McDougall 2015 industry analysis.