The Access to Seeds Index measures seed companies’ efforts to improve access to quality seeds in countries with (1) a significant smallholder farmer presence (2) a food security challenge and (3) agricultural potential.
The countries that meet all these criteria determine the geographic scope. The main changes compared to the 2016 Index are in Africa. Following advice from regional experts, Western Africa has been expanded to include countries in Central Africa, and Eastern Africa has been extended to include Southern Africa.
The countries in Central America, the Caribbean and South America that meet the criteria for index country selection are combined in one index region: Latin America. As a result of its improved score on the Global Hunger Index, Belize is excluded from the scope of the 2019 Index.
All the countries in this index region meet the criteria for index country selection. Following advice from regional experts, the boundaries of this index region are based on membership of CORAF/WECARD. For the 2016 Index, the United Nations geoscheme was used to delineate the region. Consequently, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Mauritania and Republic of the Congo are now part of the 2019 Index scope. CORAF/ WECARD member Mauritania did not meet the criterion for agricultural potential.
This index region includes all SADC and EAC member states plus Ethiopia and Somalia. All countries in this region meet the criteria for index country selection, with the exception of Botswana and Angola. These countries were added to the scope following advice from the African Union that the index would be more relevant for policymakers if all the countries in sub-Saharan Africa were included.
This index region includes all the countries that meet the criteria for index country selection. Although Indonesia scored above the yield gap threshold, it was included following advice from external experts. Sri Lanka is a new addition to the scope as it meets all the criteria. Due to incomplete data, it was not included in the 2016 Index.