Botswana

Last updated: January 2019
  • Region Eastern and Southern Africa
  • UPOV membership status Member of the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO); initiated the procedure for acceding to the UPOV Convention
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation No
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection
Seed sector in Botswana

The agriculture sector in Botswana contributes 3% to the country’s GDP. The government certifies and produces seed through its Department of Agricultural Research (DAR) and distributes new varieties through its Seed Multiplication Unit. The DAR is responsible for administering seed certifications through the 1976 Seed Certification Act (CAP 35:07), which is complemented by the country’s Seed Bill. The government distributes some seed varieties to farmers throughout the country through the DAR to support programs such as the Integrated Support Program for Arable Agricultural Development (ISPAAD), which began in 2008. ISPAAD is one of the main agricultural support schemes to address challenges in the arable sub-sector, such as poor technology adoption by farmers and low agricultural productivity. Farmers receive inputs, including seeds, through this program, which is implemented by the extension services department of the Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food Security.

Observations

There are ten index companies with a presence in Botswana, covering both field crops and vegetables, though Klein Karoo Africa and Seed Co are the only two with testing locations. With two technical staff dedicated to training farmers, Seed Co is the sole company carrying out extension services.

There is a complete lack of breeding, seed production and processing among the ten companies. Klein Karoo Africa, Capstone Seeds, Seed Co and Starke Ayres are all headquartered in neighboring South Africa, which suggests that Botswana is solely a distribution channel for those companies.

Index company activities identified in Botswana
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Advanta
Capstone Seeds
Corteva Agriscience
Hygrotech
Klein Karoo Africa
Sakata
Seed Co
Starke Ayres
Zamseed

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under a non-disclosure agreement.

Other companies identified in the regional landscaping study and their activities

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Botswana Agricultural Marketing Board
Feed Seeds
Gear Force