Tanzania

Last updated: January 2019
  • Region Eastern and Southern Africa
  • UPOV Membership status UPOV member
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes Yes
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories Yes
  • GM Crop Approval for cultivation None
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Yes, The Protection of New Plant Varieties (Plant Breeders' Rights) Act, 2012
Seed sector in Tanzania

Currently, there are more than 100 private seed companies operating in Tanzania, with many involved in variety development, seed production, processing, marketing, exporting and importing seeds. The private and public sectors both conduct seed production, processing and marketing.

The Tanzania Official Seed Certification Institute (TOSCI) is a semi-autonomous government agency, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, that was established in 2003 by the Seed Act No. 18. TOSCI is responsible for the certification and promotion of quality agricultural seeds produced or imported into the country for sale.

The government established the Tanzania Seed Company (TANSEED) to operationalize the law, which dealt with certified seed production, processing, marketing and distribution. TANSEED later closed because of competition after the government liberalized trade in the late 1980s. As a result, the Seed Act of 1973 was replaced by Seeds Act No. 18 of 2003. Since then, the country joined both the International Seed Testing Association for seed testing procedures and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Seed Scheme for facilitating international seed trade.

Tanzania created its Plant Protection Act in 1997 and the Protection of New Plant Varieties (Plant Breeders’ Rights) Act in 2002 and later added its 2008 regulations. In 2012, Tanzania enacted its new Plant Breeders’ Rights Act in line with the UPOV Convention of 1991.

Observations

There are 23 index companies present in Tanzania, and 10 of those have seed production locations. Corteva Agriscience, East African Seed, East-West Seed and Pop Vriend Seeds are the only ones involving smallholder farmers in seed production activities. East African Seed and Pop Vriend Seeds stand alone by having activities spanning the entire seed value chain

Twelve companies have testing locations and 10 provide extension services in the country, while six have breeding locations and processing locations.

Index company activities identified in Tanzania
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Advanta
Bayer
Bejo
Charoen Pokphand
Corteva Agriscience  *
Demeter Seed
East African Seed  *
East-West Seed  *
Enza Zaden
FICA Seeds
Kenya Highland Seed
Kenya Seed Company
Known You Seed
Monsanto
Namdhari Seed
Nuziveedu Seeds
Pop Vriend Seeds  *
Rijk Zwaan
Sakata
Seed Co
Syngenta
Zamseed
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under non-disclosure.

Other companies identified in the regional landscaping study and their activities

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Beula Seed Company and Consultant
IFFA Seed Company