Burkina Faso

Last updated: January 2019
  • Region Western and Central Africa
  • UPOV membership status UPOV member through the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI)
  • Participation in OECD Seed Schemes No
  • ISTA accredited member laboratories No
  • GM crop approval for cultivation Cotton
  • Law on Plant Variety Protection Annex X of the 1999 agreement revising the Bangui Agreement on the creation of the OAPI
Seed sector in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a relatively leading country within West Africa. It has a seed policy and regulations in place as well as a functional seed committee, certification agency, updated national catalogue and active private sector association. Burkina Faso’s public institute for agricultural research, the Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), is tasked with (among other things) increasing the general uptake of quality seeds throughout the country. In 2016, INERA designed a framework agreement on future public-private partnerships for producing initial classes of seeds.

In Burkina Faso, the private seed sector faces multiple technical, infrastructural and financial challenges.  Against this backdrop, three structures were set up to support the production, marketing and distribution of seeds in the country: l’Association des Grossistes et Détaillants d’Intrants Agricoles, l’Association Nationale des Entreprises Semencières du Burkina Faso, and l’Union Nationale des Producteurs Semenciers du Burkina.

Observations

There are 17 index companies operating in Burkina Faso, of which two, Nafaso and NANKOSEM, are headquartered in the country. Partners NANKOSEM and Technisem are involved in breeding, testing and production through smallholders, and they also provide extension services.

Five index companies produce seeds in in Burkina Faso. For two of them, NANKOSEM and Technisem, smallholder farmers produce about 95% of the seeds. Several national seed companies and cooperatives (not included in the index) produce seeds in the country.

Index company activities identified in Burkina Faso
Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Companies selected for
the Access to Seeds Index
Field
crops
Vegetables Breeding
location
Testing
location
Seed
production
Processing
location
Sales Extension
services
Bayer
Bejo
East-West Seed
ENZA Zaden
Faso Kaba
Limagrain
Monsanto
NAFASO  **
NANKOSEM  *
Pop Vriend Seeds
Sakata
Seed Co
Soprosa
Syngenta  ***
Technisem  *
  • * Company involves smallholder farmers in seed production activities
  • ** Companies headquartered in Burkina Faso
  • *** Based on company data, sales activities include seeds and/or crop protection products.

Other index companies are also active in the country. However, country-specific information for these companies is not available or was provided under a non-disclosure agreement.

Other companies identified in the regional landscaping study and their activities.

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Breeding
location
Seed
production
Sales
Sourou Agro Business
Entreprise EPAM
KING AGRO
Faso Agriculture et Intrants (FAGRI)

Leading seed producing cooperatives highlighted in cooperative study

Company Crops in portfolio Company activities in country
Field
crops
Vegetable
crops
Testing
location
Seed
production
Sales
Coopérative Agricole de Bama
Coopérative Agricole de Niassan
Coopérative Inekouvi de Douna